Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) or low testosterone therapy is commonly called hormone therapy for men, designed to counteract the effects of reduced activity in the gonads or hypogonadism. Hypogonadism in men is clinical syndrome, which results in the failure of the testes to produce physiological levels of testosterone. Hypogonadism may be primary, due to a problem with the testes or secondary due to a problem with the hypothalamus or pituitary gland or combined: primary and secondary. Primary hypogonadism is caused due to genetic abnormalities, testicular trauma, orchitis, radiation treatment or chemotherapy, while secondary hypogonadism is caused due to genetic abnormalities of pituitary and hypothalamus.
Furthermore, functional causes of hypogonadism are mainly attributed to the severe psychological or emotional stress, obesity (WHO grade III or IV- BMI > 30), nutritional deficiency or eating disorders, untreated obstructive sleep apnea, medication such as opioids, androgens, glucocorticoids, anabolic steroids; chronic systemic illness caused due to kidney, lung, heart failure, diabetes mellitus, HIV infection, Crohn’s disease, and aging.
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Testosterone replacement therapy is promising technology for improving symptoms of hypogonadism and to raise the low testosterone level. Furthermore, benefits related to application of testosterone replacement therapy include, increase in muscle tissue, overall surge in body energy, and significant decrease in depression symptoms.
Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market – Restraints
Stringent regulations proposed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), regarding the application of testosterone products, owing to increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events is expected to hamper the growth of the testosterone replacement therapy market, in near future. The U.S. FDA in February 2018 updated policies, stated that testosterone replacement product manufactures requires to change the labelling to inform the patients about possible increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market – Regional Analysis
Geographically, global testosterone replacement therapy market is segmented into North America, Latin America, Europe, Middle East, Asia Pacific, and Africa. North America holds major share in the testosterone replacement therapy market, owing to increasing number of people suffering from hypogonadism, combined with rising adoption of testosterone products in the U.S. market. According to the data published in European Association of Urology Journal: 2017, testosterone prescription trends in the U.S. demonstrated an increase between 1.8-and 4-fold over the last two decades (1997 – 2017). Moreover, from 2000 to 2011, there was a 4.3-fold increase in testosterone testing compared to a 3.7-fold increase in prescriptions.
Asia Pacific is expected to witness high growth for testosterone replacement therapy, owing to the high prevalence of hypogonadism in men with type II diabetes mellitus, combined with growing prevalence of diabetes population, in these region. For instance, according to International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Diabetes Atlas: 2017, number of people with diabetes aged between 20 to 79 years in South East Asia region and Western Pacific region in 2017, was 82 million and 159 million, respectively.
Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market – Competitor
Some of the key players operating in the testosterone replacement therapy market include AbbVie, Inc., Bayer AG, Endo Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Eli Lilly and Company, Kyowa Kirin International plc, Pfizer, Inc., Acerus Pharmaceuticals Corporation, and Perrigo Company plc.
Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market – Taxonomy
By Active Ingredient Type
By Route of Administration
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